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Microsoft Windows Server 2016 includes new features that allow IT departments to set up a software-defined hyper-converged infrastructure.
Microsoft provides several options for managing a hyper-converged infrastructure environment for IT administrators that choose the HCI path via a Windows Server deployment. For example, admins can use PowerShell to deploy and maintain the HCI components. This includes the PowerShell Desired State Configuration management platform built into Windows. Other options include System Center Virtual Machine Manager, which is part of the System Center suite, and Microsoft Project Honolulu, a browser-based management tool that can be deployed on premises.
IT teams implementing HCI in a Windows Server deployment can also deploy guarded fabrics and shielded virtual machines (VMs) to protect workloads against theft, inspection, tampering and other risks. These features rely on the Host Guardian Service (HGS), a server role that ensures Hyper-V hosts are known entities and running trusted software. When configuring HGS, administrators must choose from one of two attestation modes: Active Directory-based and Trusted Platform Module-based, which has far more rigorous requirements.
When configuring Storage Spaces Direct in a Windows Server deployment, administrators should create volumes for holding workload files, including the VHD or VHDX files used for the VMs. The volumes provide the structure necessary to support fault tolerance and scalability. Microsoft recommends administrators use the Resilient File System for the volumes because it can help accelerate performance and protect against data corruption.
Network Controller is at the heart of the software-defined networking (SDN) system in Windows Server and provides a centralized interface for configuring, managing and monitoring physical and virtual network resources. Network Controller also allows IT teams to automate network-related administrative tasks.
Administrators can also implement one of the many other SDN features available in a Windows Server deployment. For example, they can use Datacenter Firewall to apply firewall policies to virtual networks, or they can implement Software Load Balancing to achieve higher availability and scalability.
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